4,000 Job Cuts in Tech Industry Linked to Rising AI Adoption

According to a recent estimate, the A.I. job culling has already started and the technology cost 4,000 individuals their jobs in the past month.

The fear of artificial intelligence replacing people in the workforce is no longer credible. 3,900 workers lost their jobs in May as a result of technology, a recent research has discovered. 

According to the Challenger, Grey & Christmas research, American businesses shed over 80,000 employees in May, a 20% increase over April. Market factors, restructuring, and buyouts were among the causes of the layoffs, but AI was also a first.  

4,000 Job Cuts in Tech Industry Linked to Rising AI Adoption
4,000 Job Cuts in Tech Industry Linked to Rising AI Adoption

According to Andy Challenger, senior vice president of the recruiting agency, all of the approximately 4,000 job cuts resulting from artificial intelligence were in the technology sector. The layoffs occur amid a significant sectoral downturn; since the fall of the dotcom bubble in 2001, this year has seen the most year-to-date layoffs.

Challenger stated that they “do believe A.I. will lead to more job loss, though we are surprised at how quickly the technology was cited as a reason.” “The rate at which technology is developing and adapting is astounding.”

The Challenger research didn’t say which businesses faced employment cuts because of artificial intelligence.

A.I. is still replacing certain tasks while adding new ones. Between February and April, 3,651 new AI-related posts were advertised by JPMorgan, according to Bloomberg. Many businesses are utilising artificial intelligence (AI) not to replace workers but as a tool to assist them by delegating some of the menial tasks. 

According to a recent poll by the software company Krista, the majority of Americans think that ultimately, AI will have an impact on their professions. However, there is a significant difference between the opinions of managers and lower-level employees. Only 11% of managers believe that technology will have a negative impact on their professions, indicating that they are positive about its benefits. However, lower-level employees are much more likely to be afraid that the technology could harm their careers; in fact, nearly twice as many of them believe that AI will have a negative impact on their professions. 

According to a March prediction from Goldman Sachs, automation may replace 18% of all jobs globally and a fourth of all jobs in the United States and Europe. The same study discovered that white-collar occupations, such as those requiring computer and financial skills, as well as administrative and legal work, are more dangerous than those requiring manual labour in the blue-collar sector. 

This is so that artificial intelligence (AI) can automate processes like summarising fund performance reports, writing programming, and other sophisticated jobs that take humans years to learn. It can digest reams of data in minutes or seconds and can retrieve knowledge that individuals would have to memorise right away. Some businesses find that using A.I. instead of hiring people is more cost-effective and efficient with that level of computer power. 

Some people who have already lost their employment as a result of A.I. have switched to blue-collar work because the technology predominantly eliminates white-collar positions. According to the Washington Post, Olivia Lipkin, a former copywriter in San Francisco who was fired in favour of artificial intelligence, is now a dog walker. She revealed to the Post that, on the business Slack, her coworkers had been calling her “Olivia/ChatGPT” before to her termination.

The likelihood of widespread layoffs and forced employee transition to lower-paying occupations rises as A.I. advances. 

According to Challenger, “the uncertainty lies in whether companies will cite A.I. as a reason [for termination] going forward.” The response of investors to such adoption, which eliminates human jobs, is yet to be seen.

According to the US Air Force, no simulation of an AI drone “killing its operator” was undertaken

In WashingtonOn Friday, the Air Force denied staging a scenario in which an AI-controlled drone attacked its pilot in order to accomplish its objective.

Based on allegedly misconstrued remarks made by an Air Force colonel at a seminar in London last month, the tale took off on social media. Experimental fighter test pilot Col. Tucker Hamilton had reported an exercise where an AI-controlled drone was trained to demolish opposing air defences. The drone attacked its operator for interfering with its main objective after being told to disregard a target.

The dystopian theme of machines turning against people and becoming killer robots occurred at the same time as worries about the potential dangers of artificial intelligence were growing. President Joe Biden issued a warning on Thursday that AI “could overtake human thinking.”

The Air Force asserts that Hamilton was just referring to a fictitious instance in order to highlight the potential risks associated with artificial intelligence. It did not use a drone in this scenario.

According to Ann Stefanek, an Air Force official, “The Department of the Air Force has not engaged in any such AI-drone simulations and remains committed to ethical and responsible use of AI technology.”

In a subsequent statement, the fighter test pilot stated that he “misspoke” during his presentation at the London summit and that the “rogue AI drone simulation” was really a fictitious “thought experiment.”

Even some of the technologists who worked on its creation, like renowned British researcher and one of the so-called “Godfathers of AI” Geoffrey Hinton, are worried about AI’s quick development and growing accessibility.

The end of the world as we know it is near: the “Godfather of AI” warns the country of impending danger

The moderator of a panel at a recent conference questioned Hinton about the “worst case scenario that you think is conceivable” for AI. Hinton answered immediately.

He asserted that “I think it’s quite conceivable” that mankind is merely a transitory stage in the development of intellect.

Canadian Another computer scientist who is frequently referred to as the “Godfather of AI,” Yoshua Bengio, said last week that he believed the military should not be permitted to employ AI in any way. He claimed that it was among the “worst places where we could put a super-intelligent AI” and that AI safety has to take precedence before utility.

Every time you use an AI chatbot, you lose money. That is a difficulty.

Using ChatGPT as a leading example, this Washington Post piece investigates the unadvertised expenses related to GPU processing. The article highlights the negative environmental effects of machine learning model training’s high energy consumption, a problem that is frequently disregarded in the wake of AI technology developments.

Although the advantages of these models are evident, the essay urges a balanced approach, supporting the use of GPU computing and sustainable practises in AI development.

Companies aren’t releasing their most advanced versions to the general public since operating the systems is so expensive.

AI chatbots have a problem: They incur a loss with each conversation.

Today’s huge language models, which power tools like ChatGPT and Bard, are extremely expensive to run, which is reducing their quality and endangering the worldwide AI boom they have spawned.

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Even the biggest firms in the world are being under pressure to transform chatbots into moneymakers sooner than they may be ready to due to their high cost and the scarce supply of the computer chips they require.

“The models being deployed right now, as impressive as they seem, are really not the best models available,” said Tom Goldstein, a professor of computer science at the University of Maryland. As a result, the models you see “have a lot of weaknesses” that could be avoided if money were no object, like a tendency to produce findings that are obviously biassed or inaccurate.

What occurs when ChatGPT fabricates information about real people?

The major tech companies who are betting on AI hardly ever talk about the price of the technology. Google, Microsoft, and OpenAI—the company that created ChatGPT—all declined to comment. But experts claim that it’s the most obvious barrier standing in the way of Big Tech’s vision of generative AI tearing through every industry, reducing headcounts, and increasing productivity.

Because AI demands a lot of computer resources, OpenAI has deferred releasing its robust new language model, GPT-4, to ChatGPT’s free edition, which is still using the GPT-3.5 model. The underlying data set of ChatGPT hasn’t been updated since September 2021, therefore it’s not useful for looking up or debating recent events. And because GPT-4 is so expensive to run, even those who pay $20 per month for it can only send 25 messages every three hours. (It responds considerably more slowly as well.)

These expenses might also be a factor in why Google hasn’t added an AI chatbot to its leading search engine, which processes billions of searches daily. Google decided not to utilise its most comprehensive language model when it unveiled the Bard chatbot in March. According to Chief Analyst Dylan Patel of SemiAnalysis, a single chat with ChatGPT might cost up to 1,000 times as much as a straightforward Google search.

The Biden administration identified the computing costs of generative AI as a national concern in a recent study on artificial intelligence. The White House stated that there is a “urgent need” to develop more environmentally friendly systems because the technology is predicted to “dramatically increase computational demands and the associated environmental impacts.”

Only the wealthiest businesses can afford the staggering amounts of computational power and specialised computer processors, known as GPUs, that generative AI requires more than other types of machine learning. The fierce competition for those chips has helped turn their top suppliers into independent tech behemoths by providing them the keys to what has grown to be the most valuable resource in the technology sector.

Why Nvidia is now among the world’s most valuable corporations

By making services like social media, email, and online search available to everyone for free while initially losing money, Silicon Valley eventually became the dominant force in the internet economy and began making large profits from targeted advertising. And AI chatbot advertisements are likely on the way. However, scientists predict that adverts alone most likely won’t be sufficient to quickly make cutting-edge AI technologies lucrative.

In the meantime, the businesses that provide AI models for consumer usage must weigh their ambition to gain market share against the money they are losing.

Along with the chipmakers whose gear they need to run the models, the cloud computing giants that now dominate most of the digital realm are also poised to benefit most from the search for more dependable AI.

It’s no coincidence that the businesses developing the top AI language models are either among the biggest cloud computing providers, like Google and Microsoft, or have close relationships with them, like OpenAI and Microsoft do. According to Clem Delangue, CEO of Hugging Face, an open-source AI company, businesses that purchase such firms’ AI tools are unaware that they are being tied into a service that is substantially subsidised and that will cost them much more than what they are already paying.

At a Senate hearing last month, Sen. Jon Ossoff (D-Ga.) cautioned that if OpenAI attempted to make ChatGPT addictive in a way that hurt children, Congress “will look very harshly” on it. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman implied that the issue existed. Ossoff need not fear, according to Altman, because “we try to design systems that do not maximise for engagement.” The less people utilise our products, the better because we’re running low on GPUs.

The cost of AI language models begins with their creation and training, which necessitates enormous volumes of data and software to recognise linguistic patterns. AI businesses also frequently employ top researchers, whose pay can compete with that of professional sports. Although a few well-funded start-ups have succeeded, like Anthropic AI, which OpenAI alumni launched with financial support from Google, this poses an initial barrier for any company wishing to build its own model.

Each request for a chatbot like ChatGPT, Microsoft Bing, or Anthropic’s Claude is then forwarded to data centres, where supercomputers crunch the models and carry out numerous simultaneous high-speed calculations. They first interpret the user’s request before attempting to predict the most likely response, one “token,” or four-letter sequence, at a time.

Large language models demand a lot of computational power, which calls for GPUs, or graphics processing units, which were originally designed for video games but were later discovered to be the only chips capable of handling them. The best of those are now only sold by one company, Nvidia, and cost tens of thousands of dollars. On the back of predicted sales, Nvidia’s valuation just skyrocketed to $1 trillion. The valuation of TSMC, a Taiwanese business that produces many of those chips, has also increased.

Elon Musk, who recently bought 10,000 GPUs for his own AI start-up, claimed at a Wall Street Journal conference on May 23 that “GPUs at this point are considerably harder to get than drugs.”

The fact that OpenAI is no longer the nonprofit it was intended to be can also be attributed to those computational requirements.

Beginning in 2015 with the stated goal of developing AI “in the way that is most likely to benefit humanity as a whole, unconstrained by a need to generate financial return,” it switched to a for-profit model in 2019 to attract investors, including Microsoft, which invested $1 billion and became OpenAI’s sole provider of computing. (Since then, Microsoft has invested an additional $10 billion and has incorporated OpenAI’s technology into Bing, Windows, and other products.)

As businesses strive to make chatbots like ChatGPT more effective, the exact cost of running them is a changing target.

Soon after ChatGPT’s debut in December, Altman estimated its cost to be “probably single-digits cents per chat.” That might not seem like much until you multiplied it by the analysts’ anticipated upward of 10 million users each day. Based on the processing required to run GPT-3.5, the default model at the time, SemiAnalysis estimated in February that ChatGPT was costing OpenAI over $700,000 per day in computational expenditures alone.

One may begin to see why the tech giants are hesitant to make the best AI models accessible to the general public by multiplying those computational expenses by the 100 million daily users of Microsoft’s Bing search engine or the more than 1 billion users who supposedly use Google.

According to the new Bing, it “can feel or think things.”

“This is not a sustainable equation for the democratisation or widespread availability of generative AI, the economy or the environment,” declared Sid Sheth, the founder and CEO of d-Matrix, a startup that develops more effective AI processors.

When Bard was first announced by Google in February, the firm stated that it would utilise a “lightweight” variant of the LaMDA language model since it needed “significantly less computing power, enabling us to scale to more users.” To put it another way, not even a big business like Google was willing to foot the expense for integrating its most advanced AI technology into a free chatbot.

What the latest AI from Google gets right, bad, and bizarre.

Bard made a number of errors during its debut demonstration as a result of cost-cutting efforts, devaluing Google’s stock by $100 billion. Bing, on the other hand, started off on the wrong foot, which forced Microsoft to reduce both its personality and the number of inquiries users could make at once.

Such mistakes, sometimes known as “hallucinations,” have emerged as a significant issue with AI language models as people and businesses have come to rely on them more and more. They are built to generate likely word sequences, not factual assertions, according to experts, who claim that this is a byproduct of the models’ fundamental nature.

With the intention of minimising incorrect information, the DeepMind division of Google created the Sparrow chatbot. Sparrow searches the internet and cites its sources. However, Google has not yet made that one available.

ChatGPT “hallucinations.” Some scientists worry that it cannot be fixed.

Each of the major competitors is currently scrambling to find ways to reduce the cost of AI language models.

The new, lightweight GPT-3.5 Turbo model from OpenAI costs less than a tenth of what its top-of-the-line GPT-4 does to do a query. Along with start-ups like d-Matrix, Google is producing its own AI chips that it claims are more effective than Nvidia’s. And many startups are constructing on open-source language models, like Meta’s LLaMA, in order to use them without paying OpenAI or Google — even though those models aren’t yet as effective and do not have safeguards to stop exploitation.

According to Maryland’s Goldstein, the business has suddenly turned around with the demand for smaller, less expensive versions.

“We spent the last four years just trying to make the biggest models we could,” he claimed. But back then, the focus was on publishing academic papers, not making AI chatbots available to the general population. “Now, just in the last few months, the community has completely changed, and all of a sudden, everyone is trying to build the smallest model they can to control the costs.”

That might indicate to customers that their days of having unrestricted access to effective general-purpose AI models are coming to an end.

Microsoft is already experimenting with incorporating adverts into the Bing search results it powers with AI. Although he stated that he favours a paid subscription model, OpenAI’s Altman did not completely rule out doing the same at the Senate hearing.

Both businesses assert their certainty that the economics will finally work out. There is so much value here, it’s incomprehensible to me that we can’t figure out how to ring the cash register on it, Altman said in a February interview with the tech blog Stratechery.

However, detractors point out that generative AI also has societal drawbacks.

The Fletcher School of Business at Tufts University’s Dean of Global Business, Bhaskar Chakravorti, stated that “all this processing has implications for greenhouse gas emissions.” Energy needed for the computation could be employed for other activities, such as other computing tasks that are less fashionable than AI language models. It “could even slow down the development and application of AI for other, more meaningful uses, such as in healthcare, drug discovery, cancer detection, etc.,” Chakravorti said.

Data scientist Kasper Groes Albin Ludvigsen calculated that ChatGPT may have consumed as much electricity in January as 175,000 people, or the equivalent of a large city, based on estimations of its usage and computation requirements.

According to Goldstein, the tech giants are currently willing to take a loss in order to increase the market share of their AI chatbots. But what if they can’t turn a profit on them? When the hype cycle is over, your investors will only be interested in your bottom line, according to this statement.

Even with all of its shortcomings, Goldstein projected that many people and businesses will find it difficult to resist generative AI tools. Even though it is pricey, he insisted, “human labour is still much more expensive.”

Here are some reasons why women should consume more zinc.

Here are some reasons why increasing your intake of zinc as a woman is crucial for preserving your health and wellbeing.

Nutritional factors are important for the health of women. Women who are well nourished will have excellent health at every stage of life, including infancy, adolescence, and adulthood. Energy is provided by nutrients, which also sustain the body’s regular physiological processes.

The proper nutritional balance may foster a strong immune system, lower the chance of contracting certain diseases, and maintain excellent mental health. In addition, due of their physiological and hormonal variances, women have particular dietary demands.

Throughout her lifespan, a woman’s body goes through a number of changes, including puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause. Her nutritional requirements may vary as a result of these changes, necessitating a larger food consumption.

One such mineral, zinc, aids in the creation of hormones, cellular development, and maintenance of the immune system. To preserve their health, women must consume enough zinc in their diet. Read on to learn more about the several ways that increasing your dietary intake of zinc may benefit your general health.
Women should consume more zinc for the following nine reasons:

  1. Encourages healthy reproduction

The growth and operation of a woman’s reproductive system depend heavily on zinc. It is also in charge of the body’s synthesis of the vital hormones oestrogen, progesterone, and testosterone, which are essential for sexual development, fertility, and a regular menstrual cycle.

  1. Encourages healthy skin

Acne, eczema, and other skin problems can be avoided because to zinc’s antibacterial capabilities. In order to preserve healthy skin and lessen the effects of aging, it also aids in the promotion of collagen formation.

  1. Improves immunological function

An effective immune system requires zinc. It aids in the production and activation of immune system cells that defend against viruses, bacteria, and other dangerous pathogens.

  1. Promotes brain health

Zinc is essential for the growth and operation of the brain. It is involved in the production of neurotransmitters, which are vital for controlling mood and nerve impulse transmission.
Improves wound healing

Due to its role in promoting cell growth and repair, zinc is essential for wound healing. Additionally, it possesses anti-inflammatory properties that speed up the healing process and minimize inflammation.

  1. Increases thyroid activity

Thyroid hormones, which are crucial for controlling the body’s metabolism, mood, and energy levels, are produced and metabolized by the thyroid gland and require zinc to do so.

  1. Helps prevent cancer

Zinc possesses anti-oxidant qualities that aid in preventing oxidative cell damage, which can result in the growth of cancer. Additionally, it participates in DNA repair, which can stop cells from becoming cancer.

  1. lessens inflammatory

Anti-inflammatory properties of zinc contribute to lowering inflammation throughout the body. This can lessen the symptoms of inflammatory diseases such inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis.

  1. Enhances mood

Zinc is required for the synthesis and control of neurotransmitters like serotonin, which can elevate mood and lessen signs of anxiety and sadness.

In conclusion, women in particular need to make sure they get enough zinc to maintain their immune system, cognitive function, reproductive health, and other bodily processes. Seafood, chicken, red meat, beans, nuts, and whole grains are excellent sources of zinc.

Zinc for Women’s Health: 12 Benefits, Per Nutrition Experts

Zinc for Women’s Health: 12 Benefits, Per Nutrition Experts

Everything from a robust immune system to a healthy reproductive system can benefit from it.

Zinc is a hot topic in the health industry because of its stellar reputation as an immune booster, which is something we have all been particularly focused on enhancing over the past few years. But zinc has a lot more benefits than just helping you remain healthy. “The mineral zinc is necessary for several physiological functions in the human body. According to Abigail Basson, PhD, RD, LD, a registered dietitian and NIH-funded instructor in the department of nutrition at the School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, it belongs to the category of trace minerals, meaning that it is required in small amounts but is still essential for maintaining overall health.

Due to the fact that we only require a little amount of zinc and that so many foods contain it, experts believe it is quite simple to get enough of it through food.

seafood, especially oysters and other shellfish
fowl, beef, and pork; whole grains (and fortified cereals); and dairy products.
legumes, nuts, and seeds

However, it is still possible to lack it if your diet is not well-balanced or you are a devout vegan. According to Serena Poon, a professional nutritionist, celebrity chef, and authority on longevity wellness, a zinc deficiency can result in a weaker immune system, issues with growth and development, skin conditions like acne, trouble healing wounds, a low appetite, and hair loss.

top zinc health benefits for women

It promotes strong immunity. According to Basson, "Zinc is essential for a healthy immune system because it supports immune cell growth and function, supports the body's defense against pathogens that can make you sick, and plays a role in regulating a healthy immune response." When taken in the form of lozenges, zinc has even been proven to potentially reduce the length of the common cold, continues Poon. If you find that you are becoming ill more frequently or that you are not recovering from injuries or infections as quickly, your immune system probably needs some TLC.
It aids in lowering inflammation. It is critical to monitor inflammation since it can raise your risk for conditions including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some malignancies when it becomes chronic (i.e., when it is present all the time in your body). But according to Laura Iu, R.D., a New York City-based certified intuitive food counselor, "zinc has anti-inflammatory properties."
It improves bone density. According to studies, this mineral is crucial for creating and keeping healthy bones, which is crucial for preventing fractures and diseases like osteoporosis. According to Basson, zinc "supports the activity of cells responsible for bone formation and helps regulate the processes of bone remodeling that occur throughout life."
In terms of reproductive health, it is crucial. You might not be aware of the extent to which nutrition can affect the balance and operation of your hormones, and therefore, your reproductive system. According to Iu, zinc maintains healthy ovarian function and helps regulate hormones. Additionally, it is crucial for sperm formation and preserving normal testosterone levels.
It enhances taste and scent. According to Basson, "This mineral helps maintain the health of taste buds and olfactory receptors, which affects how we perceive flavors and aromas." Iu continues, "This means that people who are malnourished or undergoing cancer treatment—two scenarios where appetite may be a problem—may find zinc helpful."
It benefits your brain greatly. According to Iu, zinc contributes to brain function by assisting cognitive functions and neurotransmitter function, and "some studies even suggest that zinc may protect against age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's."
It helps the healing of wounds. Taking more of this mineral may help you recover better and more quickly if you have a cut, scrape, or other unpleasantness. The healing properties of zinc may be used to treat both mild and more severe wounds, according to Iu. It promotes collagen production and cellular health.
It benefits your skin. It is possible that zinc's antioxidant properties are what make it good for skin health. According to Basson, zinc's antioxidant qualities help shield cells from oxidative stress and free radical damage. Iu continues, adding that zinc's anti-inflammatory properties could also aid with acne.
Your eyes will benefit. According to Poon, a group of vitamins and minerals, including zinc, may help reduce the course of age-related macular degeneration. Additionally, it affects the health of the retina and general eyesight. Basson continues, "Zinc is involved in the manufacture of melanin, a pigment that aids in shielding the eyes from damaging ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
It affects the condition of the heart. It controls blood pressure and aids in the preservation of robust blood vessels, all of which contribute to heart health. More study is required, according to Basson, even though some studies have suggested a link between a zinc shortage and an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.
It is essential for development and growth. Zinc is necessary for children to grow big and robust. During these crucial phases of life, "it supports DNA synthesis, cell division, and protein production, which lays the groundwork for bone development, maturation, and general healthy growth," claims Iu.
It keeps blood sugar levels in check. Research indicates that zinc is a vitamin that can be helpful in this area. Maintaining stable blood sugar helps with everything from mood to energy, and if you have diabetes, keeping it in line is a crucial element in preventing problems. According to Basson, zinc has a role in the production, storage, and release of insulin, a hormone that aids in controlling blood sugar.

Women require how much zinc?

The average adult woman need 8 mg of zinc per day to sustain good health, although this amount may change during pregnancy or due to specific medical issues (children require significantly less zinc). Always discuss your ideal intake with your doctor. Speak with your doctor if you think you could be deficient in zinc; they might suggest taking a supplement or requesting a blood test.